Over the centuries, koi have been prized for their beauty. These elegant and fascinating fish come in many colors and sizes. You can create a beautiful pond, and a healthy habitat for your koi by considering the following points.
Choose a location for the pond that will provide protection from too much sun, and prevent run off from draining into the pond. Choose a site that allows a nice view of your pond from your seating area or window. Be aware that any water feature can be a hazard to young children.
Size and depth
How many koi do you plan to keep? Use this number, plus a few, perhaps, to estimate your pond size. Experts recommend a minimum of 250 gallons of water per each large, full grown, fish. Less water will be needed for smaller varieties of koi.
When deciding on dimensions for your pond, be sure to consider the size of your fish at maturity. Japanese koi, for instance, are one of the largest varieties, and will grow to be around two feet in length. They will need plenty of room to swim comfortably.
Plan to excavate to a depth of at least three feet in colder climates. In warmer areas, two and half feet is often sufficient. Extra depth helps maintain a stable water temperature in the pond, and provides a place for fish to escape heat and cold. Some pond builders dig an area of the pond floor extra deep, known as a “well”, which helps prevent winter kill and gives fish a place to hide.
A good pond pump is essential for oxygenating the water. Fish need this to survive. The pump can be combined with filter box to aid in keeping water clean. Be sure it is properly sized for your pond. Packages list how many gallons of water the unit will pump per hour. Many varieties can be found at home improvement centers.
The easiest way to build a koi pond is by using the rubber liner method, as the liner conforms to any shape you care to dig. Digging out your desired depth and shape is the toughest part of pond building. It’s worth it; just keep thinking about those beautiful fish. To protect your lawn, throw down some plastic sheeting to dump the dirt on as you shovel. While you are digging, add a sloping bottom to make cleaning of waste and leaves easier.
When you are satisfied with the shape, lay in the rubber liner, and smooth it across the bottom and up the sides of the pond. Leave at least six inches of liner around edges of the pond, and secure it with your choice of decorative rock, or one of the many types of attractive edging stones. Add some plantings if you like. You are now ready to fill your pond with water (be sure to treat it before adding fish), turn on your pump, and enjoy your koi.
Article by Joana Hall
Joana Hall is an avid writer who likes to write blogs on Interior Design. She has written many articles on koi pond construction. In this article she is providing the readers some valuable information on Design and Build Your Own Koi Pond.