Giovanni Lanfranco - The Annunciation

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582 – 1647)

Giovanni Lanfranco (26 January 1582 – 30 November 1647) was an Italian painter of the Baroque period.

Movements: Baroque, Illusionism

Giovanni Gaspare Lanfranco was born in Parma, the third son of Stefano and Cornelia Lanfranchi, and was placed as a page in the household of Count Orazio Scotti.

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco St Ursula and the Virgins

Giovanni Lanfranco – St Ursula and the Virgins

His talent for drawing allowed him to begin an apprenticeship with the Bolognese artist Agostino Carracci, brother of Annibale Carracci, working alongside fellow Parmese Sisto Badalocchio in the local Farnese palaces. When Agostino died in 1602, both young artists moved to Annibale’s large and prominent Roman workshop, which was then involved in working on the Galleria Farnese in the Palazzo Farnese gallery ceiling.

Lanfranco is considered to have contributed to the panel of Polyphemus and Galatea (replica in Doria Gallery) and some minor works in the room.

Afterwards, while still technically a member of the Carracci studio of Carracci, Lanfranco, along with Guido Reni and Francesco Albani, frescoed the Herrera (San Diego) Chapel in San Giacomo degli Spagnoli (1602–1607). He also participated in the fresco decoration of San Gregorio Magno and of the Cappella Paolina in Santa Maria Maggiore.

By 1605, Lanfranco was obtaining some independent commissions; for example, he contributed paintings to the Camerino degli Eremiti in the Palazzetto Farnese (also known as Casino della Morte), once a low building on the Via Giulia, adjacent to the church of Santa Maria dell’Orazione e Morte. The camerino had been constructed by Cardinal Odoardo Farnese, next to his palace and gardens, and was destroyed in 1734 to allow for the construction of the aforementioned church. Of the canvases and frescoes by Domenichino, Girolamo Pulzone, Paul Bril, and Lanfranco, some are conserved in the new church. Among other works, Lanfranco contributed to this series, the eccentric Translation of the Magdalen.

After the death of Annibale Carracci in 1609, and with the Emilian school of painting temporarily out of favor, Lanfranco returned to his native Parma for two years. There, he met Bartolomeo Schedoni and painted the altarpiece for the Ognissanti church. Lanfranco also produced paintings and altarpieces in Orvieto, Vallerano, Leonessa and Fermo.

Let’s now enjoy his most celebrated works:

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco Hagar in the Wilderness

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco Madonna and Child with Sts Anthony Abbot and James the Greater

Giovanni Lanfranco – Madonna and Child with Sts Anthony Abbot and James the Greater

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco Mary Magdalen Raised by Angels

Giovanni Lanfranco – Mary Magdalen Raised by Angels

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco Norandino and Lucina Discovered by the Ogre

Giovanni Lanfranco – Norandino and Lucina Discovered by the Ogre

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco Rinaldos Farewell to Armida

Giovanni Lanfranco – Rinaldo’s Farewell to Armida

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco St Andrea Avellino

Giovanni Lanfranco – St Andrea Avellino

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco St Peter Healing St Agatha

Giovanni Lanfranco – St Peter Healing St Agatha

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco The Annunciation

Giovanni Lanfranco – The Annunciation

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco Venus Playing the Harp Allegory of Music

Giovanni Lanfranco – Venus Playing the Harp (Allegory of Music)

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco Angelica and Medoro

Giovanni Lanfranco – Angelica and Medoro

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco Coronation of the Virgin with St Augustine and St William of Aquitaine

Giovanni Lanfranco – Coronation of the Virgin with St Augustine and St William of Aquitaine

Masters of Art: Giovanni Lanfranco (1582   1647)    Giovanni Lanfranco Ecstasy of St Margaret of Cortona

Giovanni Lanfranco – Ecstasy of St Margaret of Cortona

Lanfranco was a versatile and eclectic trainee of the Carracci, and continued their tradition with dramatic flair compared to the often restrained Domenichino, who mimicked mainly Annibale’s grand manner. Lanfranco explored new styles, bridged traditions, painted in both mannerist and baroque styles, using a tenebrist and the colorist palette.

He died in Rome in 1647, where his last work was apse of San Carlo ai Catinari.

Hope you enjoyed the article as much as i did compiling the info and the images! See you next time!
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