Francesco Guardi - Landscape with a Fishermans Tent

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)

Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (October 5, 1712 – January 1, 1793) was a Venetian painter of veduta, a member of the Venetian School. He is considered to be among the last practitioners, along with his brothers, of the classic Venetian school of painting. Guardi was born in Venice into a family of lesser nobility from Trentino. His father Domenico (born in 1678) and his brothers Niccolò and Gian Antonio were also painters, the latter inheriting the family workshop after the father’s death in 1716. They probably all contributed as a team to some of the larger commissions later attributed to Francesco. His sister Maria Cecilia married the pre-eminent Veneto-European painter of his epoch, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco The Lagoon from the Fondamenta Nuove

Francesco Guardi – The Lagoon from the Fondamenta Nuove

In 1735, Guardi moved to the workshop of Michele Marieschi, where he remained until 1743. His first certain works is from 1738, for a parish at Vigo d’Anuania, in Trentino. In this period he worked alongside his older brother, Gian Antonio. The first work signed by Francesco is a Saint Adoring the Eucarist (circa 1739).

His works in this period included landscapes as well as figure representations. His early vedutas show influence both from Canaletto and Luca Carlevarijs. On February 15, 1757 he married Maria Mattea Pagani, the daughter of painter Matteo Pagani. In the same year his brother Gian Antonio died and his first son, Vincenzo, was born. His second son, Giacomo, was born in 1764.

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco The Giudecca Canal with the Zattere

Francesco Guardi – The Giudecca Canal with the Zattere

In 1763 he worked in Murano, in the church of San Pietro Martire, finishing a Miracle of a Dominican Saint clearly influenced by Alessandro Magnasco in its quasi-expressionistic style.

Francesco Guardi’s most important later works include the Doge’s Feasts, a series of twelve canvases celebrating the ceremonies held in 1763 for the election of Doge Alvise IV Mocenigo. In his later years, Canaletto’s influence on his art diminished, as showed by the Piazzetta in the Ca’ d’Oro of Venice. In circa 1778, he painted the severe Holy Trinity Appearing to Sts. Peter and Paul in the parish church of Roncegno.

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco The Doge at the Basilica of La Salute

Francesco Guardi – The Doge at the Basilica of La Salute

In 1782 Guardi was commissioned by the Venetian government six canvases to celebrate the visit of the Russian Archdukes in the city, of which only two remain, and two others for that of Pope Pius VI. On September 12 of that year he was admitted to the Fine Art Academy of Venice.

A stronger attention to colours is present in late works such as the Concerto of 80 Orphans of 1782, now in Munich, in the Façade of Palace with Staircase in the Accademia Carrara of Bergamo.

Among all the paintings attributed to either Francesco and his brother Gian Antonio Guardi, the most praised work is not a landscape, but instead the airy sfumato Story of Tobit painted for the organ loft in the small Chiesa dell’Angelo San Raffaele. To quote from the Web Gallery of Art:

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco Pope Pius VI Blessing the People on Campo Santi Giovanni e Paolo

Francesco Guardi – Pope Pius VI Blessing the People on Campo Santi Giovanni e Paolo

Perspective, organized aerial space, the Palladian solidity of Tiepolo… are exchanged for a personal style of coloured handwriting – now brilliantly calligraphic, and now brilliantly cloudy.

Guardi’s painterly style is known as pittura di tocco (of touch) for its small dotting and spirited brush-strokes. This looser style of painting had been used by Giovanni Piazzetta and Sebastiano Ricci, and recalls, in some religious themes, the sweetened sfumato of Barocci’s Bolognese style. In this he differs from the more linear and architecturally accurate style of Canaletto’s painting.This style, a century later, would make Guardi’s works highly prized by the French Impressionists.

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco Landscape with a Fishermans Tent

Francesco Guardi – Landscape with a Fishermans Tent

Canaletto, as a vedutista, concentrated on glamorous urban architecture erected by the imperial republic; on the other hand, in Guardi, the buildings often appearto be melting and sinking into a murky lagoon. Canaletto’s canvases often have intricate linear and brilliant details, and depict Venice in sunny daylight. Guardi paints clouded skies above a city at dusk. These contrasts, however, simplify the facts, since Canaletto often painted the drab communal life and neighborhoods (creating in them some epic artistic qualities), while Guardi did not avoid sometimes painting the ceremonies of Ducal Venice. Ultimately, Guardi’s paintings evoke the onset of the dissipation. The citizenry has shrunken to an impotent lilliputian crowd of “rubber-neckers”, unable to rescue the crumbling Republic, as for example in the Fire in the Oil Depot in San Marcuola. It was fitting depiction of the rapidly declining empire, which had declined, in Napoleon’s assessment, into a “drawing room of Europe” peopled with casinos, carnivals, and courtesans for hire.

Guardi died at Campiello de la Madona in Cannaregio (Venice) in 1793.

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco Landscape

Francesco Guardi – Landscape

 

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco Fire in the Oil Depot at San Marcuola

Francesco Guardi – Fire in the Oil Depot at San Marcuola

 

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco Carnival Thursday on the Piazzetta

Francesco Guardi – Carnival Thursday on the Piazzetta

 

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco Campo Santi Giovanni e Paolo

Francesco Guardi – Campo Santi Giovanni e Paolo

 

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco Audience Granted by the Doge

Francesco Guardi – Audience Granted by the Doge

 

Life and Paintings of Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (1712 – 1793)   GUARDI Francesco The Piazza San Marco towards the Basilica

Francesco Guardi – The Piazza San Marco towards the Basilica

 

Hope you enjoyed the article as much as i did compiling the info and the images! See you next time!

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2 comments
CarsonCanada
CarsonCanada

The light is sensational and his landscapes have the most compelling mix of realism, as if you were looking at a photograph but suffused with an ethereal quality that you know you are in the presence of great art. I don't always stop to comment but I am greatly enjoying this exposure to art you are taking such time to offer. Much appreciated.